in press


Ponce-Soto, G.Y., E. Aguirre-von-Wobeser, L. E. Eguiarte, J. J. Elser, Z. M.P. Lee, & V. Souza. Enrichment experiment changes microbial interactions in an ultra-oligotrophic environment. Frontiers in Microbiology.

Withers, P.J.A, J.J. Elser, J. Hilton, J. Ohtake, W. Schipper, and K. C. van Dijk. Greening the global phosphorus cycle: How green chemistry can help achieve planetary P sustainability. Green Chemistry. doi: 10.1039/C4GC02445A

Cease, A.J., J.J. Elser, E.P. Fenichel, J.C. Hadrich, J.F. Harrison, B.E. Robinson?. Living with locusts: connecting soil nitrogen, locust outbreaks, livelihoods, and livestock markets. BioScience.

Wu, J., S. Naeem, J.J. Elser, Y. Bai, J. Huang, L. Kang, Q. Pan, Q. Wang, S. Hao, and X Han. Testing biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship in the worldfs largest grassland: Overview of the IMGRE project. Landscape Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s10980-015-0155-y

Lee, Z.M.-P, L. Steger, J. R. Corman, A. Poret-Peterson, V. Souza and J.J. Elser. Response of a stoichiometrically imbalanced ecosystem to manipulation of nutrient supplies and ratios. PLOS ONE.

Laspoumaderes, C., B. Modenutti, J. J. Elser, and E. Balseiro. Does the stoichiometric carbon:phosphorus knife edge apply for predaceous copepods? Oecologia.




Elser, J.J., M. Bastidas-Navarro, J.R. Corman, H. Emick, M. Kellom, C. Laspoumaderes, Z. Lee, A. Poret-Peterson, E. Balseiro, and B. Modenutti. Community structure and biogeochemical impacts of microbial life on floating pumice. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 81: 1542-49. doi: 10.1128/AEM.03160-14

Moody, E.K., J.R. Corman, J.J. Elser, and J.L. Sabo. 2015. Dietary composition affects fish excretion ratios. Freshwater Biol. 60: 456-465. doi: 10.1111/fwb.12500

Bracken, M.E.S., H. Hillebrand, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, J. T. Ngai, J. B. Shurin, and J.E. Smith. Responses of plant nutrient content to nitrogen and phosphorus additions: evidence for co-limitation. Oikos 124: 113:121. doi: 10.1111/oik.01215 (Editor's Choice)

Nie, Y, Z.J. Zhang, D. Raubenheimer, J.J. Elser, W. Wei, and F. Wei. 2015. Obligate herbivory in an evolutionary omnivore: the giant panda and bamboo from the perspective of nutritional geometry. Functional Ecology 29: 26-34. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12302.



Metson, G.S., V. H. Smith, D. Cordell, D.A. Vaccari, and J.J. Elser. 2014. Phosphorus is a key component of the resource demands for meat, eggs, and dairy production in the United States. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 111: E4906-E4907.

Haygarth, P.M., H.P. Jarvie, S.M. Powers, A. N. Sharpley, J.J. Elser, J. Shen, H.M. Peterson, N.I. Chan, N.J.K. Howden, T. Burt, F. Worrall, F.S. Zhang, and X.J. Liu. 2014. Sustainable phosphorus management and the need for a long-term perspective: the legacy hypothesis. Env. Sci. Tech. 48: 8417-8419. doi: 10.1021/es502852s

Neveu, M., A. Poret-Peterson, Z. Lee, A. Anbar, and J.J. Elser. Cells separated from sediments are suitable for elemental composition analysis. Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods 12: 519-529. doi: 10.4319/lom.2014.12.519.

Zhang ZJ, Elser JJ, Cease AJ, Zhang XM, Yu Q, X. Han, and G. Zhang. 2014. Grasshoppers regulate N:P stoichiometric homeostasis by changing phosphorus contents in their frass. PLOS ONE 9: e103697. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103697

Zhang, C., D, Niu, S.J. Hall, H. Wen, X. Li, H. Fu, C. Wan, and J.J. Elser. 2014. Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on soil respiration components and their temperature sensitivities in a semiarid grassland. Soil Biol. Biochem. 75: 113-123.

Toberman, H, C. Chen, T. Lewis, and J.J Elser. High frequency fire alters C:N:P stoichiometric cou-pling in forest litter. Global Change Biology 20: 2321-31. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12432.

Van de Waal, D.B., V.H. Smith, S.A.J. Declerck, E.C.M. Stam, and J.J. Elser. 2014. Stoichiometric regulation of phytoplankton toxins. Ecology Letters 17: 736|742. doi: 10.1111/ele.12280.

Elser, J.J., T.J. Elser, S.R. Carpenter, and W.A. Brock. 2014. Regime shift in fertilizer commodities indicates more turbulence ahead for food security. PLoS One 9(5): e93998. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093998.




Ximei, Z., L. Wei Liu, J.J. Elser, G. Zhang, and X. Han. 2013. Response of the abundance of key soil microbial nitrogen-cycling genes to multi-factorial global changes. PLOS ONE 8: e76500.

Hessen, D.O., J.J. Elser, R.W. Sterner, and J. Urabe. 2013. Ecological stoichiometry | an elementary approach using basic principles. Limnology and Oceanography.58: 2219-2236.

Peace, A., Y.Q. Zhao, I. Loladze, J.J. Elser, and Y. Kuang. 2013. A stoichiometric producer-grazer model incorporating the effects of excess food-nutrient content on consumer dynamics. Mathematical Biosciences 244: 107-115.

Domis, L.N.D., and others. 2012. Plankton dynamics under different climate conditions in tropical freshwater systems (a reply to the comment by Sarmiento et al. 2013). Freshwater Biology 58: 2211- 2213.

Gilbert, J., C. Acquisti, H. Martinson, J. J. Elser, S. Kumar, and W.F. Fagan. GRASP [Genomic Re-source Access for Stoichioproteomics]: Comparative explorations of the atomic content of 12 Drosophila proteomes. Genome Biology 14: 599. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-14-599.

Borer, E.T., M.E.S. Bracken, E. W. Seabloom, J. E. Smith, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, A.J. Kerkhoff, and J.T. Ngai. 2013. Global biogeography of autotroph chemistry: is insolation a driving force? Oikos 122: 1121-1130.

Elser, J.J., W. Roberts, and P. Haygarth. 2013. P is for phosphorus: the biology and ecology of phosphorus in biota, natural ecosystems, and agroecosystems. In: K. Wyant, J. Corman, and J.J. Elser, Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future. Oxford University Press, New York City, New York.

Wyant, K., J. Corman, and J.J. Elser (editors). 2013. Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future.Oxford University Press. New York City, New York.

Modenutti, B.E., E.G. Balseiro, J.J. Elser, M. Bastidas Navarro, F. Cuassolo, C. Laspoumaderes, M.S. Souza, and V. Diaz Villanueva. 2013. Effect of volcanic eruption on nutrients, light, and phytoplankton in oligotrophic lakes. Limnology and Oceanography. 58: 1165-1175.




Wang, H., R.W. Sterner, and J.J. Elser. 2012. On the "strict homeostasis" assumption in ecological stoichiometry. Ecological Modelling 243: 81-88

Domis, L.N.D., and others. Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. Freshwater Biology 58:463-482.

Metson, G., E. Bennett, and J.J. Elser. 2012. The role of diet in phosphorus demand. Environmental Research Letters 7: 044043. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044043.

Sommer, U. and others. 2012. Beyond the PEG-model: mechanisms driving plankton succession. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 43: 429-448.

Elser, J.J., I. Loladze, A. Peace, and Y. Kuang. 2012. Lotka re-loaded: modeling trophic interactions under stoichiometric constraints. Ecological Modeling 245: 3-11. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.02.006

Swenson, N., and others. 2012. The biogeography and filtering of woody plant functional diversity in North and South America. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 21: 798-808. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00727.x

Souza, V., L.E. Eguiarte, M. Travisano, J.J. Elser, C. Rooks, and J.L. Siefert. 2012. Travel, sex, and food: what's speciation got to do with it? Astrobiology 12: 634-640.

Souza, V., J. Siefert, A.E. Escalante, J.J. Elser, and L.E. Eguiarte. 2012. The Cuatro CieLnegas Basin in Coahuila, MeLxico: an astrobiological Precambrian park. Astrobiology. 12: 641-647.

Elser, J.J., and Y. Kuang. Ecological stoichiometry. Pages 718-722 in: Hastings, A., and L. Gross (eds.), Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Gaxiola, R., J.J. Elser, and C.A. Sanchez. 2012. Genetic manipulation of a gvacuolarh H+-PPase: from salt tolerance to yield enhancement under phosphorus-deficient soils. Plant Physiology 159: 1-9.

Elser, J.J. 2012. Phosphorus: limiting nutrient for humanity? Current Opinion in Biotechnology 23: 1-6 (Invied). 10.1016/j.copbio.2012.03.001.

Yu, Q., H. Wu, N. He, X. Lu, Z. Wang, J.J. Elser, J. Wu, and X. Han. 2012. Testing the growth rate hypothesis in vascular plants with above- and below-ground biomass. PLOS ONE 7: e32162. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0032162

McCrackin, M., and J.J. Elser. 2012. Denitrification kinetics and denitrifier abundances in sediments of lakes receiving atmospheric nitrogen deposition (Colorado, USA). Biogeochemistry. 108: 39-54. doi: 10.1029/2010GB003897.

Cease, A.J., J.J. Elser, C.F. Ford, S. Hao, L. Kang, and J.F. Harrison. 2012. Livestock overgrazing promotes locust outbreaks by lowering plant nitrogen content. Science 335: 467-469.



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Elser, J.J. 2011. A world awash with nitrogen. Science. 334: 1504-1505. pdf

Elser, J.J., and E. Bennett. 2011. A broken biogeochemical cycle.  Nature. 478: 29-31. pdf

Kattge, J., and others. 2011. TRY | a global database of plant traits.  Global Change Biology. 17: 2905-2935. pdf

Gaxiola, R., M. Edwards, and J.J. Elser. 2011. A transgenic approach to enhance phosphorus use efficiency in crops as part of a comprehensive strategy for sustainable agriculture.  Chemosphere. 84: 840-845. pdf

Harpole, W.S., J.T. Ngai, E.E. Cleland, E.T. Borer, M.E.S. Bracken, J.J. Elser, D.S. Gruner, H. Hillebrand, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, and J.E. Smith. 2011. Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities.  Ecology Letters. 14: 852|862. pdf

Yu, Q., J.J. Elser, N. He, H. Wu, Q. Chen, G. Zhang, L. Zhang, and X. Han. Stoichiometric homeostasis of vascular plants in Inner Mongolia grassland.  Oecologia. 166: 1-10. pdf

Zhang, G., X. Han, and J.J. Elser. 2011. Rapid top-down regulation of plant C:N:P stoichiometry by grasshoppers in an Inner Mongolia grassland ecosystem. Oecologia. 166: 253-264. pdf

Wojewodzic, M.W., M. Kyle, J.J. Elser, D.O. Hessen, and T. Andersen. 2011. Joint effect of phosphorus limitation and temperature on alkaline phosphatase activity and somatic growth in Daphnia magna.  Oecologia. 165: 837-846. pdf

Loladze, I., and J.J. Elser. 2011. The origins of the Redfield nitrogen-to-phosphorus ratio are in a homeostatic protein-to-RNA ratio. Ecology Letters. 14: 244-250. pdf

Childers, D.L., J. Corman, M. Edwards, and J.J. Elser. 2011. Sustainability callenges of phosphorus and food: solutions from closing the human phosphorus cycle. Bioscience. 61 (2): 117-123. pdf

Elser, J.J., C. Acquisti, and S. Kumar. 2011.  Stoichiogenomics:  the evolutionary ecology of macromolecular elemental composition. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26: 38-44. pdf


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Yu, Q., Q. Chen, J.J. Elser, N. He, H. Wu, G. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Bai, and X. Han. 2010. Linking stoichiometric homeostasis with ecosystem structure, functioning, and stability.  Ecology Letters 13: 1390-1399.

Elser, J., A.L. Peace, M. Kyle, M. Wojewodzic, M.L. McCrackin, T. Andersen, D.O. Hessen. 2010. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition is associated with elevated phosphorus limitation of lake zooplankton. Ecology Letters. 13:1256-1261. Article first published online: 16Aug 2010 DOI: /10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01518.x

Cease, A.J., S. Hao, L. Kang, J. J. Elser, and J. F. Harrison. 2010.  Is migratory polyphenism correlated with green-brown polyphenism or influenced by density in the band-winged grasshopper, Oedaleus asiaticus?  J. Insect Physiology 56: 926-936.

Urabe, J., S. Naeem, D. Raubenheimer, and J.J. Elser.  2010.  The evolution of biological stoichiometry under global change.  Oikos 119: 737-740

McCrackin, M., and J.J. Elser. 2010. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition influences denitrification and nitrous oxide production in lakes. Ecology 91: 528-539.

Reich, P.B., J. Oleksyn, I.J. Wright, K.J. Niklas, L. Hedin, and J.J. Elser. 2010. Evidence of a general 2/3-power leaf nitrogen to phosphorus scaling among major plant groups and biomes. Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. B. 277: 877-883.

Elser, J.J., and S. White. 2010. “Peak phosphorus” and “The new resource crunch”. Foreign Policy Magazine (online, 4/22/10) ( and link for Peak P , link for Resource crunch

J.J. Elser, W.F. Fagan, A.J. Kerkhoff, N.G. Swenson and B.J. Enquist. 2010. Tansley Review: Biologival stoichiometry of plant production: metabolism, scaling and ecological response to global change. New Phytologist. 186(3): 593-608. The definitive version is available at The New Phytologist. ( ISSN:1469-8137

Glass, J.B., F.Wolfe-Simon, J.J. Elser, and A.D. Anbar. 2010. Molybdenum–nitrogen co-limitation in freshwater and coastal heterocystous cyanobacteria. Limnol. Oceanogr. 55: 667-676.

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Elser, J.J., T. Andersen, J.S. Baron, A.-K. Bergström, M. Jansson, M. Kyle, K.R. Nydick, L. Steger, and D.O. Hessen. 2009. Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science. 326: 835 - 837. abstract or full text

Elser, J.J. 2009. Ecological Stoichiometry. in The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Edited by S.A.Levin. Princeton University Press. link

Acquisti, C., S. Kumar, and J.J. Elser. 2009. From elements to biological processes: signatures of nitrogen limitation in the elemental composition of the catabolic apparatus. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 276: 2605-2610

Hillebrand, H., E. T. Borer, M. E. S. Bracken, B. J. Cardinale, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, K. Cottingham, J.J. Elser , D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, C. de Mazancourt, J. T. Ngai, S. Sandin, E. W. Seabloom, J. B. Shurin, J. E. Smith, M. D. Smith, and E. M. Wolkovich. 2009. Herbivore metabolism and stoichiometric constraint herbivory at different organization scales. Ecology Letters. 12: 516-527.

Elser, J.J., M. Kyle, L. Steger, K.R. Nydick and J.S. Baron. 2009. Nutrient availability and phytoplankton nutrient limitation across a gradient of atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Ecology 90: 3062 - 3073. link

Mulder, C., and J.J. Elser. 2009. Soil acidity, ecological stoichiometry and allometric scaling in grassland food webs. Global Change Biology. 15 (11). 2730-2738. pdf

Acquisti, C., J.J. Elser, and S. Kumar. 2009. Ecological nitrogen-limitation shapes the DNA composition of genomes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26(5):953-956. pdf

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Frost, P., and J.J. Elser. “Biological stoichiometry,” 2008. entry in Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, John Wiley & Sons.

Dunning, K.A., M.Kyle, Y.Kuang, J.Elser. 2008. A mathematical and empirical analysis of stoichiometric effects of light intensity on Daphnia dynamics and coexistence. The Journal of Young Investigators. 19(6)Dec 2008. link

Sterner, R.W., and Elser, J.J. 2008. Ecological stoichiometry: overview. In: Jorgensen, S.E. & B.D. Fath (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ecology, 1st Edition, Elsevier B.V., Oxford.

Elser, J.J. 2008. The big book of animal physiology. (Review of Karasov and Martinez del Rio Physiological Ecology). BioScience 58: 762-763 (book review)

Carson, E.W., J.J. Elser, and T.E. Dowling. Importance of exogenous selection in a fish hybrid zone: insights from reciprocal transplant experiments. Copeia. 2--8: 794-800

Gruner, D.S., J.E. Smith, E.W. Seabloom, S.A. Sandin, J.T. Ngai, H. Hillebrand, W.S. Harpole, J.J. Elser, E.E. Cleland, M.E.S. Bracken, E.T. Borer, B.M. Bolker.  A cross-system synthesis of herbivore and nutrient resource control on producer biomass.  Ecology Letters 11:740-755. link

Souza, V., L. Eguiarte, J. Siefert, and J.J. Elser.  2008. Microbial endemism: does extreme nutrient limitation enhance speciation?  Nature Reviews Microbiology 6: 559-564.(Invited Opinion article) link

Sterner, R.W., T.Andersen, J.J.Elser, D.O. Hessen, J.Hood, E. McCauley, and J. Urabe. 2008. Scale-dependent carbon:nitrogen:phosphorus seston stoichiometry in marine and freshwaters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(3): 1169-1180. available online at ASLO.

Bertram, S.M., M.Bowen, M.Kyle, J.D. Schade. Extensive natural intraspecific variation in stoichiometric (C:N:P) composition in two terrestrial insect species. Journal of Insect at

Hessen, D.O., M. Ventura, and J.J. Elser. 2008. Do phosphorus requirements for RNA limit genome size in crustacean zooplankton?  Genome 51: 685-691 pdf

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Hessen, D.O., T.C. Jensen, M. Kyle, and J.J. Elser. 2007. RNA responses to N- and P-limitation: reciprocal regulation of stoichiometry and growth rate in Brachionus. Functional Ecology 21: 956:962. pdf

Wang, H., H.L. Smith, Y. Kuang, and J.J. Elser. 2007. Dynamics of stoichiometric bacteria-algae interactions in the epilimnion. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics 68: 503-522. pdf

Elser, J.J., M.E.S. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, D.S. Gruner, W.S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, and J.E. Smith. 2007. Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary production in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 10: 1135-1142. pdf*Highlighted in News and Views article in Nature. *Highlighted by Faculty of 1000 (Biology)

Hillebrand, H., D. S. Gruner,, E. Borer, M.E.S. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W.S. Harpole, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith. 2007. Consumer versus resource control of producer diversity depends on ecosystem type and producer community structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 10904-10909. pdf *Highlighted by Faculty of 1000 (Biology)

Elser, J.J., M. Kyle, M. Smith, and J. Nagy. 2007. Biological stoichiometry in human cancer. PLoS ONE 2: e1028. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001028. pdf

Elser, J.J., and A.L. Hamilton. 2007. Stoichiometry and the new biology: the future is now. PLoS Biology 5:e181.doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050181 pdf *Invited essay

Novotny, A., J.D. Schade, M. Kyle, A. Kay, S. Hobbie, P. Reich, and J.J. Elser. 2007. Stoichiometric response of nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing dicots to manipulations of CO2, nitrogen, and diversity. Oecologia 151: 687-696. pdf *Highlighted by Faculty of 1000 (Biology)

Clasen, J.L. and J.J. Elser. 2007. The effect of host Chlorella NC64A carbon: phosphorus ratio on the production of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella. Freshwater Biology. 52: 112-122. pdf

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Elser, J.J. 2006. Biological stoichiometry: a chemical bridge between ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology. The American Naturalist 168: S25-S35.

Kyle, M., K. Acharya, L.J. Weider, K.Looper and J.J. Elser. 2006. Coupling of growth rate and body stoichiometry in Daphnia: a role for maintenance processes? Freshwater Biology. 51: 2087-2095. pdf

Bertram, S., J.D. Schade, and J.J. Elser. 2006. Signalling and phosphorus: correlations between mate signalling effort and body elemental composition in crickets. Animal Behavior 72: 899-907. pdf

Kerkhoff, A., W.F. Fagan, J.J. Elser, and B.J. Enquist. 2006. Phylogenetic and functional variation in the scaling of nitrogen and phosphorus in the seed plants. The American Naturalist. 168: E103-E122.

Elser, J.J., W.F. Fagan, S. Subramanian, and S. Kumar. 2006. Signatures of ecological resource availability in the animal and plant proteomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23: 10.1093.*Featured as an Editor's Choice:Highlights of the Recent Literature in Science magazine. pdf

Elser, J.J., T.Watts, B. Bitler and T.A. Markow. 2006. Ontogenetic coupling of growth rate with RNA and P contents in five species of Drosophila. Functional Ecology. 20:846-856. pdf

Acharya, K., P. A. Bukaveckas, J. D. Jack, M. Kyle, and J. J. Elser. 2006. Consumer growth linked to diet and RNA P stoichiometry: Response of Bosmina to natural and experimental variation in food resources. Limnol. Oceanogr. 51: 1859-1869. pdf

Boersma, M., and J.J. Elser. 2006. Too much of a good thing: on balanced diets and maximal growth. Ecology 87: 1325-1330. pdf

Watts, T., H.A. Woods, S. Hargand, J.J. Elser, and T.A. Markow. 2006. Biological stoichiometry of growth in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Insect Sci. 52: 187-193.pdf

Souza, V., L. Espinosa-Asur, A Escalante, L.E. Eguiarte, J. Farmer, L. Forney, L. Lloret, J. M Rodrguez Martnez, X. Soberon, R. Dirzo, and J.J. Elser. 2006. An endangered oasis of aquatic microbial biodiversity in the Chihuahuan desert. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 103: 6565-6570. pdf

Elser, J.J., J. Watts, J.H. Schampel, and J. Farmer. 2006. Early food-webs on a trophic knife-edge? Experimental data from a modern microbialite-based ecosystem. Ecology Letters 9: 295-303.

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Weider, L. J., W. Makino, K. Acharya, K. L. Glenn, M. Kyle, J. Urabe, and J. J. Elser. 2005. Genotype x environment interactions, stoichiometric food quality effects, and clonal coexistence in Daphnia pulex. Oecologia 143:537-547.

Kuang, Y, W. Fan, I. Loladze, and J. J. Elser. 2005. Dynamics of a stoichiometric discrete producer-grazer model. J. Diff. Equat. Analysis 11: 347-364.

Gillooly, J.F., A.P. Allen, J.H. Brown, J.J. Elser, C. Martinez del Rio, V.M. Savage, G.B. West, W.H. Woodruff, H.A. Woods. 2005. The metabolic basis of whole-organism RNA and phosphorus content. PNAS. 102:11923-11927. pdf

Weider, L.J., J.J. Elser, T.J. Crease, M. Mateos, J.B. Cotner, T.A. Markow. 2005. The functional significance of ribosomal (r)DNA variation: impacts on the evolutionary ecology of organisms. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 36: 219-24.

Kerkhoff, A.J., Enquist, B.J., J.J. Elser, J.J., W.F. Fagan. 2005. Plant allometry, stoichiometry and the temperature-dependence of terrestrial primary production. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14: 585-598.

Elser, J.J., J. H. Schampel, F. Garcia-Pichel, B. Wade, V. Souza, L. Eguiarte, A. Escalante, and J. Farmer. 2005. Effects of PO4 enrichment and grazing snails on microbial communities in an ecosystem with living stromatolites. Freshwater Biol. 50: 1808-1825.

Elser, J.J., J. H. Schampel, M. Kyle, J. Watts, E. Carson, T. Dowling, C. Tang, and P. Roopnarine. 2005. Effects of PO4 enrichment of microbial communities on hydrobiid snails in an ecosystem with living stromatolites. Freshwater Biol. 50: 1826-1835.

Fan, M., I. Loladze, Y. Kuang and J. J. Elser. 2005. Dynamics of a stoichiometric discrete producer-grazer model. J. Difference Equations and Applications 11: 347-364.

Elser, J.J., and D.O. Hessen. 2005. Biosimplicity via stoichiometry: the evolution of food-web structure and processes. in Belgrano, A., U.Scharler, J. Dunne, and R. Ulanowicz, Editors. Aquatic Food Webs: An Ecosystem Approach. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hessen, D. O., and J. J. Elser. 2005. Elements of ecology and evolution. Oikos 109: 3-5.

Anderson, T.R., D.O. Hessen, J.J. Elser, and J. Urabe. 2005. Metabolic stoichiometry and the fate of excess carbon and nutrients in consumers.Am. Nat. 165: 1-15.

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Loladze, I., Y. Kuang, J. Elser and W. Fagan. 2004. Competition and stoichiometry: coexistence of two predators on one pey. Theoretical Population Biology. 65(1): 1-15. pdf*One of the top 25 most downloaded papers in JTB April 2003-March 2004.

Kuang, Y., J. Nagy and J. Elser. 2004. Biological stoichiometry of tumor dynamics: mathematical models and analysis. Disc. Cont. Dyn. Sys. series B. 4: 221-240. pdf

Acharya, K., M. Kyle, J.J. Elser. 2004. Effects of stoichiometric dietary mixing on Daphnia growth and reproduction. Oecologia. 138(3): 333-340. pdf

Acharya, K., M. Kyle, J.J. Elser. 2004. Biological stoichiometry of Daphnia growth: An ecophysiological test of the growth rate hypothesis. Limnology and Oceanography. 49:656-665. pdf

Weider, L.J., K.L. Glenn, M. Kyle, J.J. Elser. 2004. Associations among ribosomal (r)DNA intergenic spacer length, growth rate, and C:N:P stoichiometry in the genus Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography. 49(4/2 part 2) (To download from the L&;O website ( 'click' on the issue that this paper appeared in (Volume 49, issue 4/2 part 2). Then 'click' on the FAP icon (an open padlock) beneath the page range of this paper type the Web address (URL) of this paper into the address window of your Web browser. The URL of this paper is <> )

Perkins, M.C., H.A. Woods, J.F. Harrison, and J.J. Elser. 2004. Dietary phosphorus affects the growth of larval Manduca sesta. Arch, Insect Biochem. 55:153-168. pdf

Woods, H.A., W.F. Fagan, J.J. Elser, and J.F. Harrison. 2004. Allometric and phylogenetic variation in insect phosphorus content. Functional Ecology. 18: 103-109. pdf

Miller, C.R., Y.Kuang, W.F. Fagan and J.J. Elser. 2004. Modeling and analysis of stoichiometric two-patch consumer-resource systems. Mathematical Biosciences. 189(2): 153-184. pdf

Andersen, T., J.J. Elser, D.O. Hessen. 2004. Stoichiometry and population dynamics. Ecology Letters. 7: 884-900. pdf

Kuang, Y, J. Huisman, and J.J. Elser. 2004. Stoichiometric plant-herbivore models and their interpretation. Math. Biosci. Engin. 1: 215-222.

Hessen, D.O., G. I. Ågren, T.R. Anderson, J. J. Elser, and P. De Reuter. 2004. Carbon sequestration in ecosystems: the role of stoichiometry. Ecology 85: 1179-1192.

Vrede, T., D.R. Dobberfuhl, S.A.L.M. Kooijman, and J.J. Elser. 2004. The stoichiometry of production: functional connections among organism C:N:P stoichiometry, macromolecular composition, and growth rate. Ecology 85: 1217-1229.

Kerfoot, W.C., G. Mittelbach, N.G. Hairston, Jr., and J.J. Elser. 2004. Biocomplexity in aquatic ecosystems: overview. Limnol. Oceanogr. 49: 1225-1228.

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Riisgard HU, Kinne O, Fenchel T, Fee E, Hesslein R, Elser J, Scranton M, Cole J, Hairston N, Canuel E, Glud R, Nielsen C, Beninger P, Waagbo R, Hemre GI, Hulata G, Hoisaeter T, McLusky D, Kneib R, Shumway S, Warwick R, Hagerman L, Larsen PS, Ott J, Dworschak PC, Boero F, Gili JM, Philippart K, Seaman M. 2003. Misuse of the peer-review system: time for countermeasures? Mar. Ecol. Prog. Series 258: 297-309

Yoshida T., J. Urabe, and J.J. Elser. 2003. Assessment of 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' forces as determinants of rotifer distribution among lakes in Ontario, Canada. Ecol. Res. 18: 639-650. *This paper won the Ecological Research Award of the Japanese Ecology Society, awarded to the best 3 papers published in Ecological Research in a given year.

Elser, J.J. 2003. Biological stoichiometry: a theoretical framework connecting ecosystem ecology, evolution, and biochemistry for application in astrobiology. International Journal of Astrobiology 2:185-193.

Elser, J.J., J. Nagy, and Y. Kuang. 2003. Biological stoichiometry: an ecological perspective on tumor dynamics. BioScience 53: 1112-1120.

Ågren, G.I., Hessen, D.O., Anderson, T.R., Elser, J.J. De Reuter, P. 2003. Element interactions: theoretical considerations. In: Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles - Global Change and Human Impacts, SCOPE 61. Melillo, M., Field, C B. Moldan B. (eds.). Island Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 135-150.

Kuang, Y, J. Nagy, and J.J. Elser. 2003. Biological stoichiometry of tumor dynamics: mathematical models and analysis. Discr. Cont. Dynam. Systems, B 4: 221-240.

Makino, W., J.B. Cotner, R.W. Sterner, J.J. Elser. 2003. Are bacteria more like animals than plants? Growth rate and resource dependence of bacterial C:N:P stoichiometry. Functional Ecology 17:121-130. pdf

Schade, J., M. Kyle, S. Hobbie, W. Fagan, and J.J. Elser. 2003. Stoichiometric tracking of soil nutrients by a desert insect herbivore. Ecology Letters 6: 96-101. pdf

Kyle, M., T. Watts, J. Schade, J.J. Elser. 2003. A microfluorometric method for quantifying RNA and DNA in terrestrial insects. Journal of Insect Science 3.1:1-7. Available online: pdf

Woods, H.A., W. Makino, J.B. Cotner, S.E. Hobbie, J.F. Harrison, K. Acharya, and J.J. Elser. 2003. Temperature and the chemical composition of poikilothermic organisms. Functional Ecology. 17:237-245. pdf

Urabe, J., J. Togari, J. Elser. 2003. Stoichiometric impacts of increased carbon dioxide on a planktonic herbivore. Global Change Biology. 9:818-825. pdf

J.J. Elser, K. Acharya, M. Kyle, J. Cotner, W. Makino, T. Markow, T. Watts, S. Hobbie, W. Fagan, J. Schade, J. Hood, R.W. Sterner. 2003. Growth rate-stoichiometry couplings in diverse biota. Ecology Letters. 6: 936-943. pdf

Elser, J.J., J.D. Nagy, Y. Kuang. 2003. Biological stoichiometry: and ecological perspective on tumor dynamics. BioScience. November 2003. 53(11): 1112-1120. pdf

Frost, P.C., S. Tank, M.A. Turner, and J.J. Elser. 2003. Elemental composition of littoral invertebrates from oligotrophic and eutrophic Canadian lakes. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 22: 51-62

Elser, J.J., M. Kyle, W. Makino, T. Yoshida, and J. Urabe. 2003. Algal and bacterial resource limitation and the microbial food web: a test of the light:nutrient hypothesis. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 31: 49-65.

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Sterner, R.W., J.J. Elser. 2002. Ecological Stoichiometry: The Biology of Elements from Molecules to Biosphere. Princeton University Press. Princeton, N.J.

Woods, H.A., M.C. Perkins, J.J Elser, and J.P. Harrison. 2002. Absorption and storage of phosphorus by larval Manduca sexta. J.Insect Phys. 48: 555-564. pdf

Gorokhova, E., M. Kyle. 2002. Analysis of nucleic acids in Daphnia: development of methods and ontogenetic variations in RNA-DNA content. Journal of Plankton Research 24(5): 511-522. pdf

Fagan, W.F., E.H. Siemann, R.F. Denno, C. Mitter, A. Huberty, H.A. Woods, and J.J Elser. 2002. Nitrogen in insects: implications for trophic complexity and species diversification. The American Naturalist 160(6): 784-802. pdf

Villar-Argaiz, M., and R. Sterner. 2002. Phosphorus limited algae induced life history bottlenecks in Diaptomus clavipes. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 1229-1233.

Gorokova, E., T.A. Dowling, T. Crease, L.J. Weider, and J.J. Elser. 2002. Functional and ecological significance of rDNA IGS variation in a clonal organism under divergent selection for production rate. Proc. R. Soc. Lond B. 269: 2373-2379. pdf

Elser, J.J., M. Kyle, P. Frost, J. Urabe, and T. Andersen. 2002. Effects of light and nutrients on plankton stoichiometry and biomass in a P-limited lake. Hydrobiologia 481: 101-112.

Urabe, J., W. Makino, K. Hayakawa, and J. J. Elser. 2002. Food quality determinants for Daphnia growth in P-limited lakes. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28: 1-6.

Frost, P.C., R.S. Stelzer, G.A. Lamberti, and J.J. Elser. 2002. Ecological stoichiometry of trophic interactions in the benthos: Understanding the role of C:N:P ratios in lentic and lotic habitats. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21: 515-528.

Dobberfuhl, D.A., and J.J. Elser. 2002. Distribution and potential competitive effects of an exotic zooplankter (Daphnia lumholtzi) in Arizona reservoirs. J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 342: 89-94.

Urabe, J., J.J. Elser, M. Kyle, T. Sekino and Z. Kawabata. 2002. Herbivorous animals can mitigate unfavorable ratios of energy and material supplies by enhancing nutrient recycling. Ecology Letters 5: 177-185.

Frost, P.C., and J.J. Elser. 2002. Growth responses of littoral mayflies to the phosphorus content of their food. Ecology Letters 5: 232-241.

Urabe, J., M. Kyle, W. Makino, T. Yoshida, T. Andersen, and J.J. Elser. 2002. Reduced light increases herbivore production due to stoichiometric effects of light:nutrient balance. Ecology 83:619-627.

Xenopoulos, M.A., P.C. Frost, and J.J. Elser. 2002. Joint effects of ultraviolet radiation and phosphorus supply on phytoplankton growth rate and elemental composition. Ecology 83: 423-435.

Makino, W., J. Urabe, J.J. Elser, and C. Yoshimizu. 2002. Evidence of phosphorus-limited individual and population growth of Daphnia in a Canadian Shield lake. OIKOS 96: 197-205.

Frost, P.C., J.J. Elser, and M.A. Turner. 2002. Effects of caddisfly grazers on the elemental composition of epilithon in a boreal lake. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21: 54-63.

Frost, P.C., J.J. Elser, and M.A. Turner. 2002. Effects of light and nutrients on the accumulation and elemental composition of epilithon in boreal lakes. Freshwater Biology 47: 173-184.

Gorokhova, E., M. Kyle. 2002. Analysis of nucleic acids in Daphnia: development of methods and ontogenetic variations in RNA-DNA content. Journal of Plankton Research 24(5): 511-522.

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Sterner, R.W., J.H. Schampel, K.L. Schulz, A.E. Galford, and J.J. Elser. 2001. Joint variation of zooplankton and seston stoichiometry in lakes and reservoirs. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27: 2996-3000.

Elser, J.J., L. Gudex, M. Kyle, T. Ishikawa, and J. Urabe. 2001. Effects of zooplankton on nutrient availability and seston C:N:P stoichiometry in inshore waters of Lake Biwa, Japan. Limnology 2: 91-100.

Muller, E., R.M. Nisbet, S.A.L.M. Kooijman, J.J. Elser, and E. McCauley. 2001. Stoichiometric food quality and herbivore dynamics. Ecology Letters 4: 519-529.

Elser, J.J., H. Hayakawa, and J. Urabe. 2001. Nutrient limitation reduces food quality for zooplankton: Daphnia response to seston phosphorus enrichment. Ecology 82: 898-903.

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Dobberfuhl, D.A., and J.J. Elser. 2000. Inferring threshold stoichiometric food quality from first principles: the influence of life-history strategy and maximum assimilation efficiencies of C and P. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27: 834-838.

Elser, J.J. 2000. Stoichiometric analysis of pelagic ecosystems: the biogeochemistry of planktonic food webs. Pages 389-406 in: Sala, O.E., R.B. Jackson, H.A. Mooney, R. Howarth (editors). Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Loladze, I, Y. Kuang, and J.J. Elser. 2000. Stoichiometry in producer-grazer systems: linking energy flow and element cycling. Bull. Math. Biol. 62: 1137–1162. *One of the top 10 most cited papers in BMB since 1999.

Elser, J.J., R.W. Sterner, E. Gorokhova, W.F. Fagan, T.A. Markow, J.B. Cotner, J.F. Harrison, S.E. Hobbie, G.M. Odell, L.J. Weider. 2000. Biological stoichiometry from genes to ecosystems. Ecology Letters 3: 540-550. pdf

Elser, J.J. 2000. From sea to lake to land: ecological stoichiometry and the flow of energy and matter in ecosystems. Trends Ecol. Evol. (meeting summary) 15: 393-394. pdf

Elser, J.J., W.F. Fagan, R.F. Denno, D.R. Dobberfuhl, A. Folarin, A. Huberty, S. Interlandi, S.S. Kilham, E. McCauley, K.L. Schulz, E.H. Siemann, and R.W. Sterner. 2000. Nutritional constraints in terrestrial and freshwater food webs. Nature 408: 578-580. pdf

Loladze, I., Y.Kuang, J.Elser. 2000. Stoichiometry in producer-grazer systems: linking energ flow with element cycling. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 62: 1137-1162.

IGBP Working Group on Carbon and Nutrients(Co-chairs and lead authors: P. Falkowski and R.J. Scholes; Members: E. Boyle, J. Canadell, D. Canfield, J. Elser, N. Gruber, K. Hibbard, P. Högberg, S. Linder, F.T. Mackenzie, B. Moore III, T. Pedersen, Y. Rosenthal, S. Seitzinger, V. Smetacek, W. Steffen). The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of Earth as a system. Science 290: 291-296.

Elser, J.J, T. Dowling, D.A. Dobberfuhl and J. O’Brien. 2000. The evolution of ecosystem processes: ecological stoichiometry of a key herbivore in temperate and arctic habitats. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 845-853.

Dobberfuhl, D.R., and J.J. Elser. 2000.; Ecological stoichiometry of lower food web components in temperate and arctic lakes. J. Plankton Res. 22: 1341-1354.

Elser, J.J., R.W. Sterner, A.E. Galford, T.H. Chrzanowski, D.L. Findlay, K.H. Mills, M.J. Paterson, M.P. Stainton, and D.W. Schindler. 2000. Pelagic C:N:P stoichiometry in a eutrophied lake: responses to a whole-lake food-web manipulation. Ecosystems 3: 293-307.

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Downing, J.A., M. McClain, R. Twilley, J.M. Melack, J.J. Elser, N.N. Rabalais, W.M. Lewis, Jr., R.E. Turner, J. Corredor, D. Soto, A. Yanez-Arancibia, J.A. Kopaska, and R.W. Howarth.  1999.  The impact of accelerating land-use change on the N-cycle of tropical aquatic ecosystems: current conditions and projected changes. Biogeochemistry 46: 109-148.

Elser, J.J.  1999.  The pathway to noxious cyanobacteria blooms in lakes: the food web as the final turn. Freshwater Biology 42: 537-543. 

Dobberfuhl, D.A., and J.J. Elser.  1999.  Development of dried algae food for use in zooplankton growth and nutrient release studies. J. Plankton Res. 21: 957-970.

Jeremiason, J.D., S.J. Eisenreich, M.J. Paterson, K.G. Beaty, R. Hecky, and J.J. Elser.  1999.  Biogeochemical cycling of PCBs in lakes of variable trophic status: a paired-lake experiment.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 44: 889-902.

Markow, T.A., B. Raphael, D. Dobberfuhl, C.M. Breitmeyer, J.J. Elser, and E. Pfeiler.  Elemental stoichiometry of Drosophila and their hosts.  1999. Functional Ecology 13: 78-84.

Elser, J.J., and J. Urabe.  1999.  The stoichiometry of consumer-driven nutrient recycling: theory, observations, and consequences. Ecology 80: 745-751. *This paper was highlighted in the September 1999 issue of the SCOPE newsletter (published by the Centre Europeen D'Etudes Des Polyphosphates)

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Elser, J.J.  Catalyst for paradigmatic change.  1998.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 43: 1401-1402 (book review)

Pfeiler, E., V.A. Lindley, and J.J. Elser.  1998.  Elemental (C, N, and P) analysis of metamorphosing bonefish leptocephali: relationship to catabolism of endogenous organic compounds, tissue remodeling, and feeding ecology. Mar. Biol. 132: 21-28.

Elser, J.J., and D.K. Foster.  1998.  N:P stoichiometry of sedimentation in lakes of the Canadian Shield: relationships with seston and zooplankton elemental composition. Écoscience 5: 56-63.

MacKay, N.A., and J.J. Elser.  1998.  Factors that may prevent a trophic cascade: food quality, invertebrate predation, and their interaction.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 43: 339-347.

MacKay, N.A., and J.J. Elser.  1998.  Differential nutrient recycling by Daphnia reduces nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 43: 347-354.

Elser, J.J., T.H. Chrzanowski, R.W. Sterner, and K. Mills.  1998.  Stoichiometric constraints on food web dynamics: a whole-lake experiment on the Canadian Shield.  Ecosystems 1: 120-136.

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Prior years


Muller-Solger, A., M.T. Brett, C. Luecke, J.J. Elser, and C.R. Goldman.  1997.  The effects of planktivorous fish (golden shiners) on the ciliate community of a mesotrophic lake.  J. Plankton Res. 19: 1815-1828.

Sterner, R.W., J.J. Elser, E.J. Fee, S.J. Guildford, and T.H. Chrzanowski.  1997.  The light:nutrient balance in lakes: the balance of energy and materials affects ecosystem structure and process.  Am. Nat. 150: 663-684.

Main, T., D.R. Dobberfuhl, and J.J. Elser.  1997.  N:P stoichiometry and ontogeny in crustacean zooplankton: a test of the growth rate hypothesis.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 42: 1474-1478.

Hassett, R.P., B. Cardinale, L.B. Stabler, and J.J. Elser.  1997.  Ecological stoichiometry of N and P in lakes and oceans with emphasis on the zooplankton-phytoplankton interaction.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 42: 648-662.

Dobberfuhl, D.R., R. Miller, and J.J. Elser.   1997.  Effects of a cyclopoid copepod (Diacyclops thomasi) on phytoplankton and the microbial food web.  Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 12: 29-37.


Chrzanowski, T.H., M. Kyle, J.J. Elser, and R.W. Sterner.  1996.  Element ratios and growth dynamics of bacteria in an oligotrophic Canadian shield lake.  Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 11: 119-125.

Goldman, C.R., J.J. Elser, R.C. Richards, J.E. Reuter, J.C. Priscu, and A.L. Levin.  1996.  Thermal stratification, nutrient dynamics, and phytoplankton productivity during the onset of spring phytoplankton growth in Lake Baikal, Russia.  Hydrobiologia 331: 9-14

Elser, J.J., D.R. Dobberfuhl, N.A. MacKay, and J.H. Schampel.  1996.  Organism size, life history, and N:P stoi­chiometry: toward a unified view of cellular and ecosystem processes.  BioScience 46: 674-684.  *This paper highlighted in Readings in Ecology (S. Dodson et al., eds. Oxford Univ. Press, 1999).

Sterner, R.W., J.J. Elser, T.H. Chrzanowski, J.H. Schampel, and N.B. George.  1996.  Biogeochemistry and trophic ecology: a new food web diagram.  Pages 72-80 in: G. Polis and K.O. Winemiller (eds.), Food Webs: Integration of Patterns and Dynamics, Chapman and Hall. 

Chrzanowski, T.H., M.Kyle. 1996. Ratios of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in Pseudomonas fluorescens as a model for bacterial element ratios and nutrient regeneration. Aquat.Microb.Ecol. 10: 115-122.


Elser, J.J., D.K. Foster, and R.E. Hecky.  1995.  Effects of zooplankton on sedimentation in pelagic ecosystems: theory and test in two lakes of the Canadian Shield.  Biogeochemistry 30: 143-170.

Elser, J.J., L.B. Stabler, and R.P. Hassett.  1995.  Nutrient limitation of bacterial growth and rates of bacterivory in lakes and oceans: a comparative study.  Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 9: 105-110.

Elser, J.J., F.S. Lubnow, M.T. Brett, E.R. Marzolf, G. Dion and C.R. Goldman.  1995.  Factors associated with inter- and intra-annual variation of nutri­ent limitation of phytoplankton growth in Castle Lake, California.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 93-104.

Elser, J.J., C. Luecke, M.T. Brett, and C.R. Goldman.  1995.  Limnological effects of food web compensation after manipulation of rainbow trout in an oligotrophic lake.  Ecology 76: 52-69.

Elser, J.J., and D.L. Frees.  1995.  Microconsumer grazing and sources of limiting nutrients for phytoplankton growth: application and complications of a nutrient deletion / dilu­tion gradi­ent technique.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 40: 1-16. 

Elser, J.J, R.W. Sterner, T.H. Chrzanowski, J.H. Schampel, and D.K. Foster.  1995.  Elemental ratios and the uptake and release of nutrients by phytoplankton and bacteria in three lakes of the Canadian Shield.  Microb. Ecol. 29: 145-162.

Brett, M.T., K. Wiackowski, F.S. Lubnow, A. Mueller-Solger, J.J. Elser, and C.R. Goldman.  1995.  Diacyclops, Daphnia, Diaptomus, and Holopedium effects on plank­tonic ecosystem structure in Castle Lake, California.  Ecology 75: 2243-2254.

Chrzanowski, T.H., R.W. Sterner, and J.J. Elser.  1995.  Nutrient enrichment and nutrient re­gen­eration stimulate bacterioplankton growth.  Microb. Ecol. 29: 221-230.

Sterner, R.W., Chrzanowski, T.H., J.J. Elser, and N.B. George.  1995.  Sources of nitrogen and phosphorus supporting the growth of bacterio- and phytoplankton in an oligotrophic Canadian Shield lake.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 40: 242-249.

Kyle, M. 1995. Stoichiometric ratios of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in Pseudomonas fluorescens.  Master's Thesis.  University of Texas at Arlington.


Elser, J.J., and R.P. Hassett.  1994.  A stoichiometric analysis of the zooplankton-phyto­plank­ton interaction in marine and freshwater ecosystems.  Nature 370: 211-213.

Elser, J.J., C. Junge, and C.R. Goldman.  1994.  Population structure and ecological ef­fects of the Pacific crayfish, Pacifasticus lenisculus, in Castle Lake, California.  Great Basin Naturalist 54: 162-169.


Elser, J.J., and N.B. George.  1993.  The stoichiometry of N and P in the pelagic zone of Castle Lake, California.  J. Plankton Res. 15: 977-992.

Elser, J.J.  1993.  Clearing the waters: integrated water quality and fisheries manage­ment, Wisconsin style.  Ecology 74: 2473-2474 (book review).

Burgi, H.-R., J.J. Elser, R.C. Richards, and C.R. Goldman.  1993.  Zooplankton patchiness in Lake Tahoe and Castle Lake, CA.  Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25: 378-382. 

Carpenter, S.R., J.A. Morrice, J.J. Elser, A. St. Amand, and N.A. MacKay.    1993.  Phytoplankton community dynamics.  Chapter 11 in: Carpenter, S.R., and J.F. Kitchell (eds.), Trophic Cascades in Lakes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Carpenter, S.R., J.A. Morrice, P.A. Soranno, J.J. Elser, N.A. MacKay, and A. St. Amand.  1993.  Dynamics of primary production.  Chapter 13 in: Carpenter, S.R., and J.F. Kitchell (eds.), Trophic Cascades in Lakes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.


Elser, J.J.  1992.  Phytoplankton dynamics and the role of grazers in Castle Lake, California.  Ecology 73: 887-902.

Sterner, R.W., J.J. Elser, and D.O. Hessen.  1992.  Stoichiometric relationships among produc­ers, consumers, and nutrient cycling in pelagic ecosystems.  Biogeochemistry 17: 49-67.


Elser, J.J. and C.R. Goldman.  1991.  Zooplankton effects on phytoplankton in lakes of contrast­ing trophic status.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 36: 64-90.

Elser, J.J., and C.R. Goldman.  1991.  Experimental separation of the direct and indi­rect effects of zooplankton on phytoplankton in a subalpine lake.  Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 493-498.


Elser, J.J., H.J. Carney, and C.R. Goldman.  1990.  Nutrient supply and demand in pelagic ecosystems: a comparison of three large lakes.  In: Poppoff, I.G., C.R. Goldman, S.L. Loeb, and L.B. Leopold (eds.), International Mountain Water­shed Symposium: Subalpine Processes and Water Quality.  pp. 528-543.  Tahoe Resource Conservation District, South Lake Tahoe, CA.

Elser, J.J., H.J. Carney, and C.R. Goldman.  1990.  The zooplankton-phytoplank­ton interface in lakes of contrasting trophic status: an experimental comparison.  Hydrobiologia 200/201: 69-82.  (Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomanipulation, Amsterdam, August 1989).

Elser, J.J., E. Marzolf, and C.R. Goldman.  1990.  The roles of phosphorus and ni­tro­gen in limit­ing phytoplankton growth in freshwaters: a review of experimen­tal enrich­ments.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47: 1468-1477.

Carney, H.J., and J.J. Elser.  1990.  Strength of zooplankton-phytoplankton coupling in relation to lake trophic state.  In: Tilzer, M.M., and C. Serruya (eds.), Ecological Structure and Function in Large Lakes.  Science Tech Publishers, Madison, WI.  pp. 616-631.


Elser, J.J., and N.A. MacKay.  1989.  Experimental evaluation of effects of zooplank­ton biomass and size distribution on algal biomass and productivity in three nutrient-limited lakes.  Arch. Hydrobiol. 114: 481-496.

St. Amand, A.L., P.A. Soranno, S.R. Carpenter, and J.J. Elser.  1989.  Algal nutrient deficiency: growth bioassays vs. physiological indicators.  Lake and Res. Manage. 5: 27-35.


Elser, J.J., and S.R. Carpenter.  1988.  Predation-driven dynamics of zoo­plankton and phyto­plankton in a whole-lake experiment.  Oecologia 76: 148-154.

Elser, J.J., M.M. Elser, N.A. MacKay, and S.R. Carpenter.  1988.  Zoo­plankton-medi­ated transi­tions between N and P limited algal growth.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 33: 1-14.  *Winner of the 1990 Lindeman Award of the American Society of Limnology & Oceanography.

Elser, J.J.  1988.  Evaluation of size-related changes in chlorophyll-spe­cific light extinction in some north temperate lakes.  Arch. Hydrobiol. 111: 171-182.

Carpenter, S.R., P.R. Leavitt, J.J. Elser, and M.M. Elser.  1988.  Chlorophyll budgets: response to food web manipulation.  Biogeochemistry 6: 79-90.


Elser, J.J., N.C. Goff, N.A. MacKay, A.L. St. Amand, M.M. Elser, and S.R. Car­penter.  1987.  Species-specific algal responses to zoo­plankton: ex­perimental and field observations in three north temperate lakes.  J. Plankton Res. 9: 699-717.

Carpenter, S.R., J.F. Kitchell, J.R. Hodgson, P.A. Cochran, J.J. Elser, M.M. Elser, D.M. Lodge, D. Kretchmer, X. He, and C.N. von Ende.  1987.  Regulation of lake ecosystem primary productivi­ty by food web struc­ture in whole lake experiments.  Ecology 68: 1863-1876. *One of the ISI Top 10 most-cited papers in Ecology / Environmental Science (through 1992).

Dini, M.L., J. O'Donnell, S.R. Carpenter, M.M. Elser, J.J. Elser, and A.M. Bergquist. 1987.  Daphnia  size structure, vertical migration, and phosphorus redistribution.  Hydrobiologia 150: 185-191.


Elser, J.J., M.M. Elser, and S.R. Carpenter.  1986.  Size fractionation of al­gal chlorophyll, carbon fixation, and phosphatase activity:  Relationships with species-spe­cific size distributions and zoo­plankton community structure.  J. Plankton Res. 8: 365-383.

Carpenter, S.R., M.M. Elser, and J.J. Elser.  1986.  Chlorophyll pro­duction, degrada­tion, and sedimentation:  implications for pa­leolimnology.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 31: 112-124.

Elser, M.M., J.J. Elser, and S.R. Carpenter.  1986.  Paul and Peter lakes: a liming ex­periment re­visited.  Amer. Midl. Nat. 116: 282-295.

Elser, J.J., and B.L. Kimmel.  1986.  Alteration of phytoplankton phosphorus status during en­richment experiments:  implica­tions for interpreting nutrient enrichment bioassays.  Hydrobiologia 133: 217-222.


Elser, J.J., and B.L. Kimmel.  1985.  Photoinhibition of temperate lake phytoplankton by near-surface irradiance: evidence from vertical pro­files and field experiments.  J. Phycol. 21: 419-427.

Elser, J.J., and B.L. Kimmel.  1985.  Nutrient availability for phytoplankton production in a multi­ple impoundment series.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 1359-1370.


Carpenter, S.R., J.J. Elser, and K.M. Olson.  1983.  Effects of roots of Myrio­phyllum ver­ticillatum L. on sediment redox conditions.  Aquat. Bot. 17: 243-249.



Publications in General Interest Outlets:

Souza, V., A. Escalante, L. Espinoza, A. Valera, A. Cruz, L.E. Eguiarte, F. García-Pichel , and J.J. Elser. 2004. Los microbios de Cuatro Ciénegas: un laboratorio natural para el estudio de la Astrobiología. Ciencias 75: 4-12.

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